Mid-Nineties Memories of Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome | Industrial light

Although the types of aircraft at Cole Palen’s Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome accept afflicted over the years because of weekend usage, maintenance, refurbishment, and the charge to access and avenue semi-retirement, assertive ones were alike with both air actualization and year. This commodity takes a attending at a mid-1990s one.

Passing through the covered arch time portal, I entered the rolling grass, barnstorming-reminiscent air acreage on an October Sunday in 1996. Immediately above the admission berth was the Curtiss Archetypal D biplane on a baby grass patch, not far from the Aerodrome Canteen and striped yellow-and-white tent.

Nosed into the abbreviate fence were aircraft that represented the pioneer, Apple War I, and Aureate Age eras of aerodynamics below a clear dejected sky, the aboriginal in a alternation of alternating weekends to accept afforded such ideal weather, while the surrounding copse were autumn-tinged and -torched auburn, lemon, and lime. The original, wall-devoid hangar, adumbrated by the “Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome 1″ designation, was beyond the acreage and the first, I afterwards learned, that aerodrome architect Cole Palen, whose aesthetics was to “keep the dream alive” by befitting even century-old airplanes in the sky, was the aboriginal he built.

The aromas of the Aerodrome Canteen, as always, beckoned me for lunch, which usually consisted of a hamburger accumulated top with absurd onions, broken tomatoes, and pickles, from the “free fixin’s” bar and a ancillary of cartel French absurd potatoes.

The Sunday “World War I” air show, as against to the Saturday “History of Flight” one standardly took abode amid 1430 and 1600 and the optimum actualization of it was from the bank seats in the average of the field, beyond from the board stage.

It began, as both did, with a best actualization show, whose admirers volunteers afflicted into aeon dress in the red, track-cradled caboose, and the atmosphere, ambience the date for the early-1900s, was added by several early-20th aeon activity vehicles-in this case, a 1909 Renault Touring Car, a 1911 Baker Electric, a 1914 Ford Archetypal T, a 1916 Studebaker, and a 1929 Franklin.

Although the air actualization itself featured audience-attracting features, characters, and antics, such as Rocket man, the colossal bicycle, the Delsey dive, the airship burst, a parachute jump, the Atramentous Baron, Trudy Truelove, Madame Fifi, and apish dogfights, the stars on the aeriform date were the aircraft, which were either aboriginal airframes or reproductions with aboriginal engines.

From the Apple War I era, these included the Avro 504K from Abundant Britain, the Nieuport 11 from France, the Fokker Dr.1 triplane and D.VII with its seven Swabian acrylic arrangement from Germany, and the Curtiss JN-4H Hispano-Suiza engine-powered Jenny from the US today.

There were aswell several from the Aureate Age era.

The aboriginal of these was the Pitcairn Mailwing. Catalyst for the architecture was the January 29, 1927 accolade of Contract Air Mail (CAM) Route 19, amid New York and Atlanta, to Pitcairn Aviation, which adopted to agent a agile of PA-5 Mailwing aircraft it itself produced. Based aloft its antecedent PA-4′s configuration, it congenital an enclosed, fireproof, 26-cubic-foot advanced cockpit able of accustomed up to 500 pounds of express, yet could advance a center-of-gravity that alone assorted by an inch if it were larboard empty.

Powered by a 220-hp Wright J5-9 engine, it sported a 33-foot top and 30-foot lower wing, whose aggregate breadth was 252 aboveboard feet, and the aircraft, with a 2,620-pound gross and 1,008-pound advantageous weight, could ascend at 100-fpm and ability speeds as top as 131 mph in akin flight.

Rolled out of its Bryn Athyn branch six months later, on June 17, it sported its atramentous accumulation and aureate wings, which were staggered and the lower of which congenital dihedral.

“To that time, air mail planes had been like mail trucks, awkward and purposeful, carefully commonsensical in appearance, abundant on the controls,” according to Frank Kingston Smith in “Legacy of Wings: The Harold E. Pitcairn Story” (Jason Aronson, Inc, 1981, p. 109). “By contrast, the black-and-gold Pitcairn was a composition aloft, agee and axis in effortless flight, ablaze and quick on the controls, a animated performer, yet acutely with the backbone to handle agitated conditions.”

Subsequently awarded Contract Air Mail Route 25, amid Atlanta and Miami, on November 19, Pitcairn Aerodynamics eventually covered the Eastern seaboard.

Much in demand, the Mailwing was ordered by added carriers to accomplish their own mail routes, including Colonial Air Carriage from Boston to New York, Texas Air Transport, and Clifford Ball.

Old Rhinebeck’s archetype represented the hardly continued PA-7. Congenital to baby to anytime accretion mail carriage demand, this Super Mailwing, accumulation ample band pilot recommendation, began as the 50th PA-6 on the accumulation line, but alien a adapted advanced accumulation contour to augment added in flight acceleration and stability, a two-foot access in breadth to 23.9 feet, a angled adviser and wingtips, a 240-hp Wright J6-7 engine, a 42-cubic-foot mail compartment, a 630-pound payload, and a 3,050-pound gross weight, as against to the PA-5′s 2,620.

Another Aureate Age blazon in the air actualization circuit, although with origins beyond the Atlantic, was the de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth.

It can trace its roots to the “solution” Sir Geoffrey de Havilland approved to the two antecedent ablaze action planes he designed, but which bootless to board the achievement he conceptualized, including the single-seat, low-wing DH.53 Humming Bird monoplane of 1923 and the two- to three-seat DH.51 biplane of two years later.

The closing served as the foundation of a scaled-down, dual-place biplane appointed the DH.60 Moth appropriately powered by a 60-hp engine that optimized it for advisory and cantankerous country flying. Awful successful, it was produced in the bags amid 1925 and the mid-1930s.

Employing a Gipsy engine, whose development took abode at the end of the decade, the afterwards DH.71 was a diminutive, single-place, low-wing monoplane with a amount of all of 19 feet, but it could accomplish account ceilings of 19,191 anxiety and acceleration annal of 186.47 mph. A lot of importantly, however, was the actuality that it was the aboriginal architecture to backpack the “Tiger Moth” name.

Sparking a alternation of iterations and modifications, it culminated in the absolute DH.82 Tiger Moth afterwards its prototype, registered G-ABRC, aboriginal flew on October 26, 1931 and the Royal Air Force adopted it as its basal trainer. One hundred thirty 5 were built.

An adjustment for 50 of an bigger adaptation followed in late-1934. Appointed DH.82A, it was powered by a 130-hp Gipsy Major 1 engine, congenital two bike accessible cockpits, and featured swept, staggered wings army with dihedral. With a 1,825-pound gross weight, it could ascend at 635 fpm, accomplish a 104-mph speed, and had a 14,000-foot account ceiling.

Although the blazon was delivered to civilian-operated Elementary and Reserve aeriform schools, its account was alone beginning. With the alpha of the Second Apple War, accumulation was unprecedented. Afterwards 1,424 DH.82As were built, accumulation was transferred from Hatfield to Morris Motors, Ltd., in Cowley, Oxford, in 1941, breadth an added 3,433 aircraft were built, followed by 1,533 in Canada, 132 in New Zealand, and 1,095 in Australia.

After the war, the bazaar was saturated with this above aggressive trainer.

“From afresh on the Tiger Moth was affianced in a advanced array of aeriform work,” according to A. J. Jackson in “The de Havilland Tiger Moth” (Profile Publications, 1966, p. 12), “including advisory flying, glider towing, bottomward parachutists, or banderole towing all over the world, but it will be remembered chiefly for its beat plan in establishing agronomical aerodynamics as a new and advancing industry.”

Two of the Tiger Moths to accept performed in Old Rhinebeck’s weekend air shows were endemic by the now late-Bill King and Mike Maniatis.

Another mid- to late-1990s basic in Old Rhinebeck skies was the Abundant Lakes action trainer, registered NC304Y.

Built by the Abundant Lakes Aircraft Corporation of Cleveland, Ohio, in early-1929 to serve as a small, dual-seat trainer, it was a single-bay, fabric-covered biplane powered by an 85-hp Cirrus II inline engine appointed the 2-T-1, which aboriginal flew in ancestor anatomy that March.

As a awful maneuverable airplane, it captivated the apple almanac for the amount of afterwards alfresco loops-a absolute of 131-in its 2-T-1a guise.

Because of its popularity, it was re-produced in 1970 and afresh in 2011, accumulation new architecture materials, from bandbox to Douglas fir to metal, and decidedly uprated chart and engines.

“Versions of the Abundant Lakes and Baby Abundant Lakes accept been congenital by assorted companies and individuals aback the aureate era, basal how abundant these admirable machines still beggarly to avant-garde generations,” according to Mike Vines in “Return to Rhinebeck: Aeriform Best Aeroplanes” (Airlife Publishing, Ltd,, 1998, p. 57). “(The) Abundant lakes 2T-1MS, NC304Y, consecutive amount 191, dating from 1930, started activity as a 2-T-1E powered with a four-cylinder inline astern ACE Cirrus Hi-Drive engine of 95 hp. A change to a Menasco Clandestine 125 hp makes it clearly a 2T-1MS model. NC304Y was consistently a abundant admired of Cole’s… “

Yet addition Aureate Age basic was the Travel Air, whose Archetypal A was produced by the Travel Air Accomplishment Company accustomed in 1925 in Wichita, Kansas.

Designed as an improved, metal-framed almsman to the antecedent board Swallow, it featured a fabric-covered, animate tube fuselage, bifold bike accessible cockpits (although a bank bench in the advanced one could apparently board two passengers), and staggered, N-strut anchored wings. Augmenting its performance, however, were actualization appropriate of Germany’s Apple War I Fokker D.VII fighter, including overhung, horn-balanced ailerons and rudders that served to annul aerodynamic attrition during flight apparent deflections, access aircraft acknowledgment rates, and board lighter pilot ascendancy feel. They aswell gave the blazon its appropriate vertical appendage “elephant ear” appearance.

Because of its architecture simplicity, reliability, capability, durability, efficiency, and performance, it outsold all battling types during the 1920s and 1930s, alone actively aggressive with Waco’s own designs, and it begin abundant applications, from achievement aeriform to barnstorming, air racing, action and backcountry flying, and air taxiing. Forth with the Stearman Kaydet, it was the a lot of abundantly acclimated crop duster.

Also generally in Old Rhinebeck’s air actualization skies was Gene DeMarco’s “Lucky 7″ Stampe SV.4B.

Based aloft the antecedent SV.4 congenital by Stampe et Vertongen in Antwerp, Belgium, that flew in 1933, this two-place, awful swept addition biplane trainer was powered, in its SV.4B version, by a 140-hp Renault 4-PO5 engine. Adapted with a 145-hp de Havilland Gipsy Major X or Blackburn Cirrus Major X engine, its SV.4B counterpart, with a 27.6-foot wingspan and 194.4-square-foot area, had a 1,697-pound gross weight. Its best acceleration was 116 mph and its account beam was 20,000 feet.

Although its accumulation was modest, accounting for 35 airframes afore Apple War II and 65 afterwards it, its accretion by Stampe et Renard, forth with the license-built examples of the SV.4C in France and Algeria with 140-hp Renault 4-Pei powerplants, resulted in addition 940 produced amid 1948 and 1955 to accomplish the charge for a French primary trainer.

Yet addition common amateur in mid-1990s air actualization skies was the Davis D-1W. Tracing its roots to the V-3, it was produced by the Davis Aircraft Corporation, which was accustomed by Walter C. Davis afterwards he purchased and alloyed the Vulcan Aircraft Company and the Doyle Aero Company. Acquiring the rights for the Vulcan American Moth, he produced a awning monoplane adapted by architect Dwight Huntington and certified on September 6, 1929.

Although the bigger Davis W-1 that appeared two months later, on November 8, offered promise, the Wall Street Crash of 1929, forth with a blaze that destroyed the company’s aerodrome and accumulation facilities, affected it to cease operations.

Featuring a rectangular, fabric-covered, anchored animate tube accumulation and a individual 30.2-foot high, two-spar awning addition strut-braced to the lower fuselage, the Davis D-1W was powered by a 125-hp, seven-cylinder, air-cooled Warren Scarab adorable engine. Primarily active in clandestine and action aeriform venues, it had a 1,461-pound best weight, 142-mph speed, and a 480-mile range.

Aircraft N532K consistently flew at Old Rhinebeck.

“(The) Davis D-1W, dating from 1929, would accept been adapted originally with a 110-hp Warner radial, appropriately the ‘W” designation,” according to Vines (ibid, p. 127). “It is in actuality now powered by a 125-hp Warner powerplant. This archetypal action aeroplane was conceived by the Vulcan Aircraft Company as the American acknowledgment to the success of de Havilland’s Moth alternation of biplanes in England. They came to greater bulge if ex-auto maker Walter Davis acquired the accomplishment rights, but due to the bread-and-butter altitude of the time, alone about sixty of these admirable parasol-winged monoplanes were built.”

None of the Apple War I air shows of the nineties and even those in the next decade were complete afterwards Stan Segalla, who was dubbed “the aeriform farmer” and who flew a 1947 PA-11 Canary chicken Piper Cub registered N4568M.

A Apple War II adept who flew at Old Rhinebeck in the summer and accomplished the art of aerobatic assignment in a Decathlon 180 in Venice, Florida, in the winter, he endemic some 39 single-engine airplanes, accomplished added than 10,000 pilots, and logged in balance of 21,000 hours in added than bisected a aeon in the sky.

While aircraft consistently took centermost date at the aerodrome, it was he, as a being of comedic skill, who did, his act consistently alpha with an ignorant, “anonymous” agents affiliate in beard block the Piper Cub, which, controlled by Segalla, circled and able his abduction on the ground. The antics in the air, maneuvers, and single-wheel and define landings emphasized the ultimate man-and-machine merge, as the aircraft became annihilation abbreviate of an addendum of him.

One of the aboriginal Cole Palen aggregation associates who molded and morphed the best aerodynamics acquaintance for amateur spectators, he retired in 2008 and slipped the bearish bonds of apple eight years afterwards at 91-years-old.

“A accoutrement at the aerodrome aback its inception,” according to an Old Rhinebeck statement, “Stanley could consistently be begin on Sundays assuming it up in the crowd, afore yet afresh managing to get abroad in the Piper Cub and wowing the spectators. His appearance ‘One-Shot-Gatling’ was accepted throughout the air show’s aboriginal heydays, aerodynamics the Avro 504K in abutment of Sir Percy in the abiding adventure that played itself out every weekend in the skies over Rhinebeck. A pilot’s pilot, Stan animated anybody about him with his acquaintance and accomplishment at the controls of annihilation he flew. He admired to accord rides afore and afterwards the shows to any takers, generally putting them through a abounding accepted in his Cub or Decathlon, consistently a smile on the passenger’s face if he brought them aback to the flight line.”

While Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome’s avant-garde aircraft took centermost date in its Saturday “History of Flight” air shows and its Apple War I designs did in its Sunday “World War I” performances, these 1920 and 1930 aircraft, which generally partook of both, could accept becoming a “Golden Age Air Show” of their own.

Article Sources:

Jackson, Aubrey Joseph. The de Havilland Tiger Moth. Leatherhead, Surrey, England: Contour Publications, 1966.

Smith, Frank Kingston. Legacy of Wings: The Harold F. Pitcairn Story. New York: Jason Aronson, Inc., 1981.

Vines, Mike. Return to Rhinebeck. Shrewsbury, England: Airlife Publishing, Ltd., 1998.

How to Get Unlimited Real Estate Sales Leads Using Social Media

Having a amusing media attendance today is analytical to all absolute acreage agents who wish to advance advance generation. Aback amusing media is all about accord building, abbreviating it from your business plan would be like abrogation the roof off your house.

Making constant amusing media postings – acquaint at atomic two times annual – will actualize allusive connections. You can again be top-of-mind for these access any time anyone needs to buy or advertise their home.

Mastering amusing media to accomplish leads is easy, and it all starts with a admiration to apprentice from the appropriate teacher. Start with a belvedere you feel a lot of adequate with or one you like and adept it.

The afterward is a mini “how to” adviser on amusing media business for absolute acreage agents to get you started. You will aswell apprentice some statistics about amusing media to accumulate you motivated and advice you accept why it’s so important to be alive on it as a absolute acreage agent.

Why Amusing Media Business for Absolute Acreage Agents Works So Well

To do amusing media the appropriate way, it helps to accumulate angle on why amusing media business works for absolute acreage agents.

First of all, everyone’s on amusing media. Pew Research studies appearance that 69 percent of all Americans over the age of 18 use it. Searching just at humans 18-49, 83 percent of them use amusing media. That abandoned is appealing incredible. You will aswell acquisition affluence of adults over 50 on amusing media, abnormally Facebook, with 61 percent of all adults 50 to 64 accepting a Facebook account.

So, announcement on amusing media is apprenticed to get absorption for your absolute acreage business, but it aswell makes you feel like allotment of the community. Creating amusing pages gives you a abode to put up photos, collaborate with abeyant leads, amplify your business letters and actively appoint online with humans in your community.

Depending on your business goals and your archetypal market, you may wish to accept some amusing platforms over others. Apprentice added about anniversary platform, the allowances they action and some tips on how to use them in the sections below.


Being alive on Facebook will accompany you the better allotment if your ambition is to ability a lot of humans in your area. You can apprehend to acquisition a lot of of your association on Facebook, including bounded businesses and 38 percent of humans over 65 years old. Start by creating a committed business page and announcement a few images of your contempo closed/sold listings. Use your page’s “invite” affection to allure as abounding friends, ancestors and accomplished admirers to like your page as possible. You can acceptation your email annual to see if anyone on it is aswell on Facebook.

Facebook’s “Create an Event” affection is absolute for hosting get togethers that can acquire you leads. The affection lets you bound allure a agglomeration of people, and it reminds them if the accident gets close. Humans in your association aswell see a column on their timeline every time anyone marks that they are “going” to or are “interested” in your event, allowance you get added publicity. This affection makes it easier to get humans to arise to your accessible houses, acknowledgment contest and annihilation abroad you do.

Make abiding to accumulate your Facebook page accepted with any activities you accept been accomplishing throughout the week. I consistently accomplish abiding to yield pictures with my buzz during contest or big moments so that I can use them to get added absorption on my posts. Nothing gets humans beat on a column like a happy-looking ancestors in their new home! Announcement these pictures consistently helps humans in the association feel afterpiece to you, abnormally if you tag someone.

I acclaim announcement at atomic alert a week, and blockage for replies or letters daily. The best posts ask humans in the association something like: “Where’s your admired abode in boondocks to get pizza?” or “Tell us a adventure about your admired affection from your adolescence home.” They’ll accomplish lots of comments, and anniversary getting interacting with your page increases the adventitious others will see it.

If you accept had a apathetic week, you can consistently allotment online writing about how to accomplish affairs or affairs a home easier. Writing your own online writing is a abundant abstraction if you accept the time, and if you are abbreviate on time you can chase pages like HGTV and Realtor.com and allotment their posts.

Creating a accumulation on Facebook can aswell advice accumulate humans affianced with your page while growing the relationships you actualize online. Accomplish your page locally focused and admired to the community. Your page can be focused on your business, like “current homes for auction in town” or it can be something like “[Your Town] Handyman Tips” for homeowners searching to do DIY aliment or acquisition acceptable businesses in their area.


Instagram is badly accepted with the adolescent crowd, and a growing amount of adults are application it now, too. Absolute acreage agents can annual because bounded businesses accept begin huge success by announcement on Instagram. Humans like seeing annual and updates about their breadth as they annal through the photos.

Making an Instagram contour is cool easy, and it can allotment lots of abstracts from your Facebook page. For instance, you can instantly affix with anyone who follows you on Facebook with the “Find Friends” option.

Instagram is 100 percent focused on photos, so use it to column the chrism of the crop photos from accepted listings or your activities. If you accept an accident advancing up or a accurate advertisement you wish to highlight, you can add argument to photos application an app like “Over” or “Piclab.” Seek for these apps on your buzz to add them. Accomplish abiding all photos attending admirable and absorbing aback humans are added acceptable to unfollow anyone who posts airedale or arid photos.

Also, accomplish abiding you accept a acquaintance hotlink on your contour so that humans can get in blow with you afterwards seeing your posts. You can about-face it to be a hotlink to your email abode or your business buzz amount – whichever you adopt – by traveling into your Edit Contour settings. Use the argument captions on your photos to admonish humans that if they wish added advice on your casework to use the hotlink in your profile.


Twitter has collapsed off a lot of people’s alarm lately, and alone 21 percent of the citizenry uses it overall. BUT – and this is important – Twitter posts (“Tweets”) can arise in seek after-effects on Google, and they can be anchored in things like annual posts. So, even if anyone doesn’t chase you on Twitter, they can still see the things you post.

For this reason, abounding marketers acclaim that businesses use Twitter as a way to accumulate clue of advancing annual and updates. You can column quick, simple links to listings with annual talking about their adjacency or amount of beds/baths. You can aswell column about accessible events, things humans would attending advanced to in the association and bounded news, such as new neighborhoods getting built. You can aswell use Twitter to allotment photos or advance blog agreeable from your website.

Not every absolute acreage abettor needs a Twitter account, but those that do actualize one should amend it at atomic three times a anniversary and analysis aback consistently for responses and questions. Twitter users tend to be abrupt if they charge something from you!


YouTube doesn’t plan the aforementioned as added amusing media platforms, but it still happens to be a abundant ability for absolute acreage agents who wish to host video content. Humans love watching videos these days, and with adaptable phones they can watch them anywhere. According to one source, humans absorb a third of their time online watching videos.

Video assembly for your YouTube approach requires investment in a camera setup, lighting and a microphone. You can absorb a lot of of the video talking in foreground of the camera, but you can accomplish videos added absorbing by acid in footage of home interiors and exteriors. Hiring a able videographer for your listings can accordingly be a acceptable way to accomplish footage to use on your channel.

So, what affectionate of videos should you post? Annihilation advisory and helpful. You can accord humans tips on how to buy or advertise their home, such as advice on how the closing action works step-by-step. You can aswell accord advice about your bounded area, such as adjacency profiles or accepted bounded restaurants. Accumulate videos beneath the 5 minute mark to accomplish humans added acceptable to click.


Pinterest has a top amount of changeable participants – 26 percent of the U.S. citizenry and 38 percent of all women! The belvedere lets you upload photos with abbreviate captions, affectionate of like Instagram but in a abundant busier and added interest-focused layout.

Make abiding any posts you upload to Pinterest accept the a lot of accordant categories possible. Do not be abashed to mark aggregate as “real estate” aback affluence of Pinterest users will accept a business focus. Pinterest aswell makes for a acceptable atom to column infographics or brain-teaser images for your blog with argument overlayed on it.

Connect your Pinterest to your Facebook and Twitter annual to acquisition followers and accomplish cross-posting beyond platforms easier.


LinkedIn was fabricated for professionals, but even professionals charge homes and can become leads! Connecting to added professionals in your breadth can aswell advice you become top-of-mind for referrals.

I alone use LinkedIn as a go-to abode to column all my blog articles. Humans who apprehend them generally forward me “connect” requests, allowance me abound my admirers and my leads. You can even pay to advance your articles. Accomplishing so gives them a affirmed adventitious of assuming up in foreground of humans in your area. You can aswell clarify your ads to appearance up in foreground of baddest humans in assertive industries, like allotment nurses for a ancillary of boondocks with a big medical community.

Mastering Amusing Media Business for Absolute Acreage Agents

No amount what amusing media belvedere you use, break constant and accumulate at it to win added leads and referrals.

If you column regularly, acknowledge promptly to humans who comment. Remember to advance aggregate you do through your page – you are basically creating a advance bearing apparatus as you collaborate with anybody in the community.